Carole Emberton is Associate Professor of History at the University at Buffalo (SUNY). She is the author of Beyond Redemption: Race, Violence, and the American South after the Civil War. She is also a contributor for the New York Times “Disunion“ series and the History News Network.
Lincoln’s speech at Gettysburg was short: only three minutes long, following a moving, two-hour performance by famed orator Edward Everett. It also was nearly meaningless.